Do you enjoy using scientific and mathematical principles to solve practical problems? Consider a career in engineering.
The Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) defines engineering as "The profession in which knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience, and practice is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind."
Engineering is an interdisciplinary profession broadly defined as the practice of applying mathematical and scientific knowledge to solve a problem or satisfy a clearly defined need. Engineers work for entities across a variety of sectors including academic and research institutions, commercial businesses, and governmental organizations. (Source: Vault)
Here are a few areas of specialization for engineers from What Can I Do with this Major? - Engineering:
Aerospace: Includes the development of technologies for use in aviation, defense, and space exploration.
Biomedical: Combines engineering and biomedical sciences to study and develop tools, techniques, and products to improve human health.
Chemical and Biomolecular: A combination of chemistry, physics, biology, and engineering is used to solve problems involving the use or production of chemicals and biological systems to create new materials, increase efficiency, and lower cost.
Civil: A broad discipline that helps provide for communities through the establishment and improvement of services including construction, transportation, city planning, water, and energy.
Computer: Includes the design and development of computer hardware, software, and hardware-software integration.
Electrical: Applies engineering principles to the creation and production of electronic systems and electrical devices.
Environmental: Aids in the prevention and development of solutions to environmental problems.
Industrial: Focuses on the improvement of processes or systems by utilizing people, products, machines, materials, energy, etc., more effectively.
Mechanical: A broad discipline that incorporates research, design, development, manufacturing, and testing of mechanical devices.
Nuclear: Centers on research and development to derive benefits from nuclear processes.
For more information on the engineering industry, see the Vault Industry Guide: Log in or create an account (with your Colgate e-mail address) and then find “Engineering” through the search box or in the “Industries & Professions” page. For specific information on engineering careers go to “Related Professions” at the bottom of the page.
Prepare for Jobs and Internships
Information, tips, and strategies to help prepare you as an undergraduate.
Related work experience obtained through co-op, internships, part-time, or summer jobs is extremely beneficial.
Join relevant professional associations, attend meetings, participate in design competitions, and stay updated on research and publications.
Here are some skills or qualities to develop and highlight on a resume:
- Communication skills: both verbal and written, including technical report writing and presentation skills.
- Teamwork: collaborate with other engineers and those outside of the profession.
- Creativity: Engineers need to think in logical, scientific, and mathematical terms and exhibit the abilities to study data, sort important facts, and solve problems.
- Other helpful traits include attention to detail, computer expertise, intellectual curiosity, a technical aptitude, perseverance, and a basic understanding of the economic and environmental context in which engineering is practiced.
Be familiar with licensing requirements when considering your career path. In the United States, all 50 states, and the District of Columbia, require a license for engineers who offer their services directly to the public. Engineers who are licensed are called Professional Engineers (PE). This licensure generally requires a degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program, 4 years of relevant work experience, and successful completion of a state examination.
Advice from alumni who work in this industry.
Laura Coyle ’09
Current Title and Organization: Optical Engineer, Ball Aerospace
Major at Colgate: Physics
Advanced Degrees: Ph.D. in Optical Sciences, University of Arizona
What do you currently do?
I design, analyze, build, and test optical systems for a variety of air- and space-borne platforms at Ball Aerospace. These systems include telescopes and spectrometers for NASA science missions, as well as remote sensing instruments for commercial and defense applications. I'm particularly excited about a test bed I'm building to develop new technologies for coronagraphs on space telescopes, which will allow us to directly image Earth-like planets around other stars.
What was your first position out of Colgate and what did you do in that role?
I transitioned directly into a doctoral program in Optical Sciences at the University of Arizona. My research there focused on novel methods for aligning and testing large optics, specifically primary mirrors for the next generation of monolithic ground based telescopes.
How can students prepare themselves while at Colgate to work in your field?
Pursue as many research opportunities or internships as possible. Practical experience is extremely valuable and the fastest way to gain engineering intuition. Work closely with the professors — Colgate's science departments are small but perform incredible research, giving undergrads a unique opportunity to take a leadership role in experiments, write papers, and attend conferences.
What extracurricular activities, associated with your profession or not, were you involved with while at Colgate?
I was co-President of the Colgate Physics Club and was a member of the Club Ultimate Frisbee and Equestrian teams.
Pathways to Science, Engineering — a searchable database of engineering fellowships, internships, and programs.
Engineer Jobs — Search engineering jobs by engineering discipline or location
Engineer.net — Search engine for engineering positions
Engineering Central — Engineering job search engine
Dice Tech Jobs — Search resource for tech-related opportunities.
PhDs.org — Resource with a mission to provide the most accurate and recent data for every doctoral program in America.
New Scientist Jobs — Online resource for STEM jobs.
Vault.com — Provides the industry context needed to identify your best job opportunities. Use the Research Companies tab to browse popular industries, or search for key terms using the search bar. You will need to create an account using your Colgate e-mail address to view this content.
Colgate Handshake Opportunities
Check Colgate Handshake, Colgate's internship and job database, for opportunities that may interest you in this field.
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James joined Colgate Career Services in September 2014 as a Career Advisor with a focus on the STEM disciplines. Prior to his arrival at Colgate James was employed at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute where he served as an Associate Director and Lecturer in the Archer Center for Student Leadership Development.
James earned an Ed.M. degree in Higher Education Leadership and Policy Studies with a concentration in Student Affairs Administration from the University at Buffalo and a BA in History from the State University of New York, College at Geneseo. James brings to Colgate more than ten years of experience working with college students in a variety of capacities including, leadership education, curriculum design and assessment, community development, and one-on-one coaching. He enjoys helping students bridge their interests and passions with their professional goals to find a sense of fulfillment and success.
Originally from the Finger Lakes region of New York State, James resides in Syracuse and is excited to enjoy the diverse array of outdoor recreational activities that Central New York has to offer.
Questions? Call 315-228-7380 for an advising appointment.