In my research, I try to understand the behavior of modern capitalist economies by drawing on multiple intellectual traditions, not restricted to the neoclassical orthodoxy that dominates the economics profession. The traditions that I find most helpful include the Classical economists (Adam Smith, David Ricardo, and Karl Marx) and the Keynesian economists (John Maynard Keynes, Joan Robinson, Michal Kalecki). In my opinion, it is important to practice methodological pluralism by remaining open to the rich diversity of thought in economics. In my teaching, I try to expose students to multiple perspectives so that they can make up their own minds about how the world works.
Most of my research and teaching interests focus on macroeconomic questions. I co-authored (with Duncan K. Foley) a text, Growth and Distribution, almost two decades ago. We are currently revising Growth and Distribution to incorporate new developments in economic theory (some of it actually initiated by the first edition) and new patterns of economic growth in the era of neoliberal capitalism. We have invited a third co-author to join us, Daniele Tavani, who represents a new generation of scholars influenced by the first edition.
Research from this project resulted in my book, Capitalists, Workers, and Fiscal Policy: A Classical Model of Growth and Distribution as well as a series of journal articles in recent years. This book focuses on understanding fiscal issues like the national debt or the social security system in the context of the class structure of modern capitalism. To illustrate how pluralism works, the basic model combines the life-cycle theory of saving drawn from neoclassical economics with a two-class structure drawn from Classical and Keynesian economics. Since the economic crisis that began in 2007, I have gotten more interested in understanding the nature of neoliberal capitalism, including its financial superstructure. This work has influenced our revision of Growth and Distribution in a substantive way.
My most recent work has focused on incorporating hysteresis in the conventional macroeconomic model that is the foundation for most teaching and policy making. Hysteresis is the idea that a shock, such as the Great Recession of 2008, has long term supply effects, permanently lowering the level of employment and output unless there is a policy effort to repair the damage. The latest paper on this topic was co-authored with a student, Kayla Oliver '17.
Finally, having published one paper on the economics of the minimum wage that received some attention (the Otto Eckstein Prize), I have kept abreast of research on the effects of legislation in this area, and have contributed regularly to the public conversation about wage policy.
2001 Otto Eckstein Prize from the Eastern Economic Association (for the best paper to appear in the Eastern Economic Journal
from 1998-2000). Economist reference to article
Combating Hysteresis with Output Targeting Hysteresis in a Three-Equation Model Profit-led Growth and the Stock Market Rentier Consumption and Neoliberal Capitalism Capitalists, Workers, and Thomas Piketty's Capital in the 21st Century Recent op-ed on Governor Cuomo's $15 minimum wage Recent op-ed on New York minimum wage Testimony on Subminimum Wage, 2014
Review essay on The Elgar Companion to Marxist Economics, by Ben Fine,
Alfredo Saad-Filho, editors, with Marco Boffo in Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Vol. 36, No. 3 (Summer 2014).
“A Fiscal Paradox and Post-Keynesian Economics: A Comment on Palley,” Review of Keynesian Economics, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Spring 2014), pp. 108-115.
“Public Debt, Growth and Distribution,” Review of Keynesian Economics, Vol. 1,No. 1,(Spring 2013), pp. 272-296.
"A Model of Fiscal and Monetary Policy," in L. Taylor, A. Rezai, and T. Michl, eds. Social Justice and Economics: Critical Economic Theory in the Spirit of Duncan Foley
, (Routledge, 2012)
"Finance as a Class? Review of The Crisis of Neoliberalism
by Gerard Dumenil and Dominique Levy, New Left Review
"Our Problem is Jobs," and "No End to Inequality," op-eds in the (Albany) Times Union
"Discounting Nordhaus,” Review of Political Economy
, Vol. 22, No. 4, (October 2010), pp. 535-549. Capitalists, Workers, and Fiscal Policy: A Classical Model of Growth and Distribution
, (Harvard University Press, 2009)
"Tinbergen Rules the Taylor Rule," Eastern Economic Journal
, Vol. 34, No. 3, (May 2008), pp. 293-309.
(with Duncan K. Foley) "Crossing Hubbert's Peak: Portfolio Effects in a Growth Model with Exhaustible Resources," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics
, Vol. 18, No. 2, (June 2007), pp. 212-230.
“Capitalists, Workers, and Social Security," Metroeconomica
, Vol. 58, No. 2 (2007) pp. 244-268.
"Comment on 'Transition to Fully Funded Pension Schemes: A Non-Orthodox Criticism,' by Sergio Cesaratto," Cambridge Journal of Economics
, Vol. 30, No. 6, (November 2006), pp. 981-984.
"Capitalists, Workers, and the Burden of Debt," Review of Political Economy
, Vol. 18, No. 4, (October, 2006), pp. 449-467.
"Macroeconomic Theory: A Short Course
(M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 2002)
"Can Rescheduling Explain the New Jersey Minimum Wage Studies?" Eastern Economic Journal
, 2000 Growth and Distribution
with Duncan K. Foley (Harvard University Press, 1999)
Articles in Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, The Review of Economics and Statistics, Review of Political Economy, Metroeconomica, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, The Review of Radical Political Economics, Eastern Economic Journal, Science & Society, Monthly Review, International Review of Applied Economics, Dollars and Sense
, and The Albany Times Union
; contributor to several books