Both federal and state governments split into three branches: the legislative, the executive, and the judiciary. Meanwhile, local administration is often comprised of city, town, and/or county government entities. The different government sectors showcase professional roles in education, science, social and human services, defense, politics, administration, legal, human resources, and health-related fields, among others. Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
An NGO is any nonprofit voluntary citizens’ group, which is organized on a local, national, or international level. Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest, NGOs perform a variety of services and humanitarian functions, bring citizens’ concerns to governments, monitor policies, and encourage political participation at the community level. NGOs provide analysis and expertise, serve as early warning mechanisms, and help monitor and implement international agreements. Some are organized around specific issues, such as human rights, the environment, or health. Their relationship with offices and agencies of the United Nations differs depending on their goals, their venue, and their mandate. Advocacy
Advocacy is the organized pursuit of influencing outcomes—including public policy and resource allocation decisions within political, economic, and social systems and institutions—that directly affect people’s lives. Advocacy consists of organized actions to highlight critical issues that have been ignored and submerged, to influence public attitudes, and to enact and implement laws and public policies. Human rights—political, economic, and social—form an overreaching framework for these visions. Advocacy organizations draw their strength from and are accountable to people: their members, constituents, and/or members of affected groups. Advocacy has purposeful results- to enable social justice advocates to gain access and voice in the decision making of relevant institutions, to change the power relationships between the institutions themselves, and to improve people’s lives. Lobbying
Lobbying is an attempt to influence the opinion of legislators, legislative staff, and government administrators directly involved in drafting legislative proposals. Many different types of organized groups lobby, including private sector, corporations, fellow legislators or government officials, or advocacy groups. Human and Social Services
Human and Social Services agencies focus on improving conditions related to children and families, education, mental health, and other forms of healthcare. Positions are available in government, nonprofit, and private agencies. Currently, the three major employment roles include providing direct service, performing administrative work, and working in the community.
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